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Australia vs Canada. Where should I migrate?

If you are hoping to migrate, odds are you are thinking about Canada and Australia – two of the most well-known destinations. Both nations offer a high caliber of life and way of life. They both additionally utilize a focuses based migration framework.

To settle on your choice somewhat less demanding we look at the two on the accompanying vital parameters:

Job opportunities
job-380
Both the nations depend on mining and characteristic assets and consequently have the best paid occupations in their step for settlers. There are a few occupations that are preferred in one nation over in the other – for instance, opportunities for medical caretakers are preferred in Canada over in Australia.

Canada is a much greater assembling base when contrasted with Australia, while Australia is all the more broadly mainstream for its US IT firms and their local Head-Quarters.

Along these lines, hands on wages are better in Canada, while clerical occupations pay more in Australia.
Cost of living

The typical cost for basic items is high in Australia because of its lodging charges. Lodging in Canada is much more moderate exactly when contrasted with Australia. Customary living costs additionally have a tendency to be higher in Australia that they are in Canada.

Both in Australia and in Canada, assessments are the primary cost inhabitants need to shoulder.

Tax
canada dollar
In Canada there is commonplace VAT and there is government VAT which means an aggregate on 13% in Ontario. You pay this assessment on generally buys. The 13% vat is not joined into the sticker price more often than not, so if you purchase a thing at $10, you will pay $11.30 when you get to the clerk.

When you land in Toronto you should apply for a Social Insurance Number (SIN) before you start to work. The measure of salary duty you pay in Toronto clearly relies on upon the amount you make. There are two sorts of expenses you will pay, common and government. Each area in Canada has a different assessment rate contingent upon your pay; however everyone pays the same rate of government expense. In any case, both charges are removed your compensation in the meantime
australian-dollar-notes-data
In Australia, the vat is a 10 percent level rate on buys and is consolidated into the deal cost. Australians utilize an expense record number (TFN) to identify themselves for assessment purposes. Upon entry in Australia it’s basic to apply for one ASAP. The Australian assessment year begins on July first consistently and closures June 30th. Numerous Australians get charge discounts each year and if you are taking a shot at a working occasion visa you will typically get 100 percent of your expense returned

Weather

Both countries have contradicting seasons. When it is winter in Canada is summer in Australia, so during December in Toronto you will wear long johns and in Sydney you will wear your swimming outfit if anything by any stretch of the imagination.
christmas in canada in winter
Toronto has four unmistakable seasons with warm, moist summers and cool winters. The climate in Toronto has significant fluctuation in everyday temperature, especially amid the colder climate season. The winters in Toronto are unforgiving, yet gentle in contrast with different spots in Canada.

santas_surfing-christmas-in-australia-
While Sydney has a calm atmosphere with warm summers and mellow winters, with precipitation spread consistently. Likewise, Sydney is significantly less muggy than a Toronto summer.

Diversity
diversity
Australia and additionally Canada have a broadly assorted populace, yet with different ethnicity components. Canada has an overwhelming Chinese, Indian, Sri Lankan, Jamaican base and an outstandingly expanding number of Middle Eastern populaces.

Australia, then again, has a more different populace, with Indonesian, Thai and Lebanese as the predominant groups, and little Central or South American people group.

Ease of application

Regularly, the visa application process for Canada is less demanding, notwithstanding the late accentuation on having familiarity with English or French. While both capacity on a focuses based process and have a favored abilities list, Canada has far less visa sub-classes and less stringent visa application appraisals.

Permanent residency 

Increasing lasting residency for Australia or Canada is all in light of qualification and elements that influence the settler’s future prospects inside the nation, for example, field of ability, work experience, references and relations in the nation.

1. The primary difference is on the evaluation of aptitudes in the both the nations. In Australia, talented relocation must have their qualifications and work encounter officially surveyed before applying to migrate while in Canada, just qualification are evaluated.

2. Albeit one can have preferred standpoint of an early evaluation process in Canada, it is admonitory as it were. In Australia the appraisal is material in all states and domains though in Canada formal acknowledgment of a qualification in one state does not infer that it would have acknowledgment in another. It requires various acknowledgments if the transient plans to move into different spot. This is an additional favorable position in Australia.

3. Instruction is uninhibitedly accessible similar to all wellbeing administrations. Both nations work on a fundamentally the same as free general wellbeing framework. Anything that is a crisis will be dealt with quickly and anything that is considered superfluous or elective will go on a holding up rundown.

It’s implied that one who gets the entrance to Australia gets an entrance to New Zealand also. Canada is likewise called as world capital with regards to movement with greatest fascination towards Ontario and Quebec and Vancouver. The nation has much notoriety in India.

1. There is likewise a difference with regards to work power cooperation rate. In Australia, a higher transient cooperation rate often prompts a higher livelihood rate where as in Canada the higher vagrant interest rate is nearly connected with a higher unemployment rate.

2. With regards to government disability advantages, one needs to sit tight for a long time in Australia while one gets quick access to this office in Canada.

3. Australia is considered very aggressive while Canada is accepted to be a family arranged and group minded.

4. Australia and Canada are both fundamentally the same as in lifestyles and the kind of individuals you will meet. Australia is not any more bigot than anyplace else on the planet. Yes here and there supremacist assaults do happen. But since they are so few and far between they often make worldwide news. If it’s not too much trouble attempt to recollect to not passing judgment on numerous by the BAD conduct of a couple. Australia when all is said in done is a much laid back inviting nation, as is Canada. Openings for work in both nations are fundamentally the same as.

5. Lodging/rentals/sustenance is somewhat more costly in Australia than Canada, especially in the real urban areas.

Conclusion
As of now specified, the parameters of living in another nation can be different for the two different people or families. Along these lines, it completely relies on upon your profile, training, job opportunity you are looking for, spending plan, geographic area, and numerous all the more such things.

Subsequently, it is constantly better to counsel with a certified and authority immigration expert, if you are befuddled about your choice. Immigrate is a tough choice. Deciding on which countries to migrate is even harder. 101Migration give immigration consultation that address your issues, prerequisites, and inclinations and being a licence professional, we can do our best to gives you the best direction.

Life as a new migrant in Australia

Australia has always been a popular destination for migrants – it is sunny, the people are nice and opportunity abounds, making the proliferation of Immigration in Australia no real surprise. Immigration in Australia has always played a large part in the country’s history, and from the current pattern, it is a safe statement to make when saying that it always will.

It is very easy to come to Australia as a tourist, either on a very temporary tourist visa (3 months), or on a slightly-less-temporary-but-still-undeniably-temporary working holiday visa (12 months with an option to extend for a further 12), and it is also possible to come to Australia as a student, with the Australian student visa also being classed as a temporary visa. But how does one actually migrate on a more permanent basis?

 

Moving From Temporary To Permanent

Many people first come to Australia on an Australian student visa. On the terms of their Australian student visa, they are not classed as permanent residents, and they are restricted in terms of employment and social benefits. It stands to reason that once they have completed their education, they may not be too comfortable with the idea of leaving Australia.

The period of life in which one works on a university education is a very formative one and it is understandable that they may not want to leave their friends and lifestyle behind.

If they have been studying in a certain trade or industry in which there is a deficit of skilled individuals, they may be able to move from their Australian student visa to a more permanent kind of visa through this avenue – Australia has learned to capitalize on Immigration in Australia by offering what is known as a skilled migration visa.

This visa is specifically designed to offer individuals who are skilled in certain occupations the opportunity to apply their trade in Australia as permanent citizens for a certain amount of time – if Australia does not have enough hairdressers, it is likely that a qualified hairdresser applying for a skilled migration visa would have their application granted.

Once a migrant on a skilled migration visa has lived in Australia for a certain period of time, they may be able to apply for permanent residency – which means they would become an Australian citizen with all of the associated rights and social benefits.

 

Getting a job in Australia as a new migrant

Most of us in this world want to get jobs in overseas for what!!! – “better and bigger incomes”, “have great life for our kids”, “to change the way of our standard of living” and other reasons.

What if you have given a tempting jobs and lots of opportunities in Australia? I must say, that Australia is the world’s thirteenth largest economy having high GDP rate and low poverty rate in this world.

So wanna work in Australia? Well fortunately, here comes the great opportunity for those who are willing to work in Australia. There are numerous jobs that have been offered to migrant people whether in professional side or unprofessional side.  From the last three years, the Government expanded its annual quota of skilled migrants by 15,000 to 20,000 over 2008. But some of these jobs may result bogus, so be caution for it.

Australia needs not only the labour workers but also the skilled and qualified professionals along with work experience and enhanced performance in organization. But to know how expert you are, especially in professional fields, your dexterity are analyzed by the Immigration Department. They release a list of new demands , in this field, every year and would also give extra point for you people only in these fields.

In addition , the government also declared to give a permanent residence to both post graduate or under graduate students but only if they provide some extra points in immigration process. As mentioned before, Australia provides plenty of jobs which are in three different categories: Casual job, Part-Time job and Full-Time job. The casual job is just a contract modality and the majority of these jobs are in Hospitality and Tourism industry such as restaurants, hotels and take away and the average wage is near around $425-$465 which is not less or more for your expenditure. In second job(Part-Time job), you have to work more than 20 hours per week and also there will be a contract for rules and regulations. But the wage is not much good as compare to previous one. Last but not least, you have to give more than 38 hours per week in Full-Time job. If you want to add more hours on it then you can, but you will not be paid for extra hours but you will be happy for salary that they are providing which is near around $600 per week.

Where can you get accommodation as a new migrant?

With its stunning landscape, beautiful coastline and desirable way of life; Australia is a popular destination for people to migrate to from afar. Migration has long been associated with the nation and is reflected in Australian way of life and its culturally diverse society. Since the Second World War, over six million migrants have settled in Oz from abroad. Being a continent in its own right, Australia is the sixth largest country on Earth, located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Comprising of six states and two territories, read on for advice in regards to which area could be best suited for your lifestyle when moving to Australia.

Queensland

Often referred to as the Sunshine State, Queensland is an extremely popular destination to settle in due to its stunning weather along the Gold Coast. Being Australia’s second largest state by area, the climate of inland Queensland can incur a monsoonal season in the far north and low temperatures further south. To the north of the state is the Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest single structure made by living organisms and is a World Heritage site. The majority of this natural beauty is protected by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, an organisation that helps to limit human impact, from fishing to tourism. Born from the Moreton Bay penal colony, Brisbane is currently the state capital for Queensland and has been affectionately named “Bris Vegas” as a tribute to its nightlife.

 

New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory

New South Wales is renowned for its beachside communities, made famous by certain television soap. The state is home to over 780 national parks and reserves that range from the bush, outback deserts, rain forests and waterfalls. With eleven universities in the region, New South Wales is a good consideration for further study and education. Being the capital of New South Wales, Sydney is the most popular destination for British inhabitants in the whole of Australia with it being the financial and economic epicenter of the nation. New industries like information technology and the financial services sector have replaced the old with many of multinational corporations having their Australasian headquarters based in the Sydney Central Business District. The Australian capital Territory is home to purpose-built Canberra is also the political centre for the country with the federal government based in the city.

 

Victoria

Finance, insurance and property services form Victoria’s largest income producing sector, while the community, social and personal services sector is the state’s biggest employer. Despite the shift towards service industries, the troubled manufacturing sector remains Victoria’s single largest employer and income producer. Victoria is seen as the sports capital of Australia. The state is the traditional home of Australia Rules Football with the vast majority of teams that play in the Australian Football League being based in the region. It also stages holds many international sporting events, including the first Grand Slam tennis tournament each season, as well as the Australian Formula One Grand Prix.

 

South Australia

South Australia is home to the city of churches, Adelaide. The city is renowned for its cultural influence on the country. It was recently been listed in the Top 10 of The Economist’s World’s Most Liveable Cities in Australia and recognised nationally as the most liveable city by the Property Council of Australia. The city also hosts many art and music festivals throughout the year and is close to the infamous wine region, Barossa Valley. It is worth noting that despite all the cultural sophistication connected to the region, South Australia’s economy is based on the manufacturing and defence technology industries. Almost half of cars made in Australia are made in the state at the General Motors Holden plant in Elizabeth.

 

Western Australia

It is worth noting Western Australia for its wine region and mining community, the main settlement for people from overseas is the city of Perth. The state is known for being home to approximately 540 species of birds and a significantly large number of plant species. Also known as the ‘City of Light’, Perth is known for being the starting point for many of the Australia’s brightest and internationally recognised celebrities; including Hugh Jackman, Heath Ledger and British-based comedian Tim Minchin. Western Australia is steeped in colonial history, hence why the region has an extremely high proportion of British-born residents.

 

If you are looking for an alternative slice of Australian life away from the normal hotspots to settle, why not consider emigrating to the red deserts of the Northern Territory or the wilderness of Tasmania? So whether you prefer the natural beauty of the Great Barrier Reef in Queensland, the desirable lifestyle found in New South Wales or sports-mad Victoria; it is vital that you get as much advice on moving to the country as possible.

 

 

Short holiday trips you should enjoy in Australia!

Island and Reef Opportunities? Charters – You will find Day – and even Overnight Charters to serve you the best of what you can expect on your holiday. Options between Charters to various pristine Reef Destinations, is almost limitless. If you thought a dive in Daytime is good, you haven’t try a Night dive yet! To sleep over at sea, is just as good. It is a wonderful experience, bringing some new peace in your heart and soul. Diving and Snorkeling would be the main activities on most of the charters, but do not feel left out if that is not what you are into, because just the experience of being out at sea and the alternative activities alone, will guarantee to colour up your day!

 

If you would love to spend your day on an Island, there is a few to pick from. Although there are many islands around, Green Island, Fitzroy-Island and The Frankland Islands would be the most visited Islands from Cairns. From Port Douglas you can visit the Low Islands. There is a few other, of which some is more Private, like Double Island off Palm Cove. Most of the larger Islands mentioned, will offer you a variety of activities, like Swimming, Snorkelling, Diving, Hiking, Glass-bottom Boat and Semi-submersible Tours. There are also activities such as the Helmet Dive, Sea-trampoline, Kayaking, Nautical Museum, Para-gliding or even Camping and Fishing at some. The best way would be to browse through my Activity listings to see which each has to offer.

 

Other Adventure Activities? Bungy-jumping – AJ Hackett is the inventor of Bungy-jumping and Cairns was obviously one of the first choices in Australia to build a structure to introduce other adrenalin- junky minded people to the “Rush”. They have recently just celebrated 20 years of safe jumping in Cairns! Hot Air Ballooning – Go for a Breathtaking Champagne Breakfast over the Tablelands, just west of Cairns. Watch the Sunrise over the Rainforests in the east, while looking down over the farmlands right under you, as they drift by. White Water River Rafting – Take your pick! From Half-day to Full-day packages, from Moderate to Daring! Take the Barron River or take on the mighty Tully River which will deliver you an Extreme Experience. Sky-diving – So many options to choose from. Different heights, different locations, with different views! From qualified Sky-diving, to Tandem Sky-diving. Para-gliding – Have fun being towed behind a powerful speedboat, while hanging from a parachute. Microlights – Get Introductory Microlight Flight lessons from Port Douglas.

 

Enjoy the spectacular views as you glide over the beaches and river systems, while still doing valid flying hours at the same time. Kayaking – There is a couple of places to practice your rowing skills and to enjoy the freedom of the ocean. Jet-ski – Heaps of fun is the word! ATV- Riding – That is the description for “All Terrain Vehicles”, or 4-wheeler Dirt Bikes. Just up the Tablelands, you will have the option to test your off-road driving skills on some off-road tracks. Horse riding – If you love horses and the tropics, where better to “wind down” on horseback. There is various places to choose from. Take a winding road down the forest, or play in the waves on the beach. Four Wheel Drive, Off-road Driving – Test your skills on the various off road tracks, from the local area, the famous Bloomfield track from Cape Tribulation up to Cooktown, or even as far as up to Cape York. Jungle Swinging – You have two options to choose from. The one is at AJ Hackett’s place where the Bungy-jumping is done from and the second at Cape Tribulation. Be thrilled by this high speed swing and at the same time, share and enjoy the moment with a friend, because up to three people can swing at a time. Hiking – You will find a variety of Walking Trails all in and around the city itself, or take some of the bigger challenges on some that may even take you up to a few days. Mountaineering- Pyramid Mountain would be the most famous one to give a go close to Cairns and there is even a race up the mountain once a year.

 

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Different immigration programs to migrate to Canada or Australia

Have you ever wished to become permanent resident to Canada or Australia? You will indeed be delighted to learn that with time, migrate to these countries has become an easier process thanks to the introduction of new programs, however there are still some concrete requirements needed to be met. In this article, will tell you about the latest available programs that can make your dream come true!

Canada and Australia are ranked 10th and 13th in the GDP ranking 2016 (IMF World Economic Outlook 2016). There is no doubt most people are migrating to these countries because of the better opportunities available, as both the countries fall into the top thirty for most stable and prosperous countries according to the Times, UK.

A brief about the Canadian immigration programs:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program: For this program the ideal applicants possess employments skills and experience that helps them land a good job in Canada.
  •  Family sponsorship: This program is targeted to reunite the Canadian citizens and permanent residents with their close relatives however it has a number of limitations.
  • Provincial Nominee Program: This program helps the applicant become a permanent resident through a proven ability of becoming economically established in Canada.
  • Business immigration Program: This program has three sub-categories such as investors, Entrepreneurs and the self-employed where the assessment is point based and major factor is the ability to become economically established and the business skills.

A brief about the Australian immigration process:

  • The Australian Skills Immigration is the most famous, where it has a number of subclasses through which you can work and live in the country.
  • The Australian Business Visa helps the businessmen expand their activities by a number of options where the factors that matter are the potential to expand and invest for business.
  • The Australian Student Visa helps the students to pursue higher studies in Australia and eventually work after which the students are eligible to apply for the permanent residency.

Be it Canada or Australia, both countries will have their different needs for new migrants.

How to convert IELTS scores into CLB scores?

Convert your test scores into CLB scores from the tables below.

How to use the tables below? For examples, if you scores 6.0 for Reading, Writing and Listening, but 5.5 for Speaking.

You will have CLB 7 for Reading, Writing and Listening, and CLB 6 for Speaking.

IELTS scores to CLB scores

CLB Level Reading Writing Listening Speaking
10 8.0 7.5 8.5 7.5
9 7.0 7.0 8.0 7.0
8 6.5 6.5 7.5 6.5
7 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
6 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.5
5 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
4 3.5 4.0 4.5 4.0
International English Language Testing System (IELTS) General Training – Test score equivalency chart

TEF scores to CLB scores

CLB Level Reading Writing Listening Speaking
10 263-277 393-415 316-333 393-415
9 248-262 371-392 298-315 371-392
8 233-247 349-370 280-297 349-370
7 207-232 310-348 249-279 310-348
6 181-206 271-309 217-248 271-309
5 151-180 226-270 181-216 226-270
4 121-150 181-225 145-180 181-225
Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) – Test score equivalency chart for reports issued on or after April 1, 2014

How are Express Entry points counted?

Total points for Express Entry are 1200 points.

Make up of factors A to D.

Human capital factors

spouse or common-law factors

skill transferrability factors

addition points

  1. —What is LMIA?

—A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker.

—When do we need LMIA?

—Before a foreigner come to Canada to work.

—Apply through Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).

2. PNP approval

LMIA

Other factors:

A) Proof of funds

—You must show that you have enough money to support yourself and your family after you arrive in Canada, unless you:

  • —are currently able to legally work in Canada, and
  • —have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada.
  • —Need to make sure sufficient funds are available.

—B) Common law or not?

C) —Admissible to Canada.

D) —Plan to live outside Quebec.

Immigrate to Canada from India

Immigrating To Canada From India

Canada is considered as a hot destination for immigration since 21st century. With the different areas lying uninhabited as well as unparalleled potential for a much better career, stable future, and prosperous life, Indians have been making lines for migration for this nation in North America. As of now, with the majority of globe reeling under the meltdown of post global debt crisis, the economy of Canada is one of the several nations that’s in flamboyant moods and in need of constant inflow of the migrant workers for to address the structural deficiencies in the labor pool.

Immigrate to Canada from India is made possible through PNPs or Provincial sponsorship scheme and FSWP or Federal trained proficient migrants. Most famous passage to the country Canada from the country of India is under the federal skilled migration regime, which is a program that offers an exceptional freedom to work and travel anywhere in Canada. Today, this program is being transformed and efforts are on to make this FSWP much responsive to the needs of Canadian economy.

There are several particular changes that are being planned and if implemented, the concentration of immigration regime will be changed to need based skilled migration. The reason behind it is that other trades have been kept in the professions class to curtail the inflow of the migrants in professions where there’s a sizeable presence of the local work force.

The proposed modifications function on the NOC or National Occupational Classification and all regime indicators in the future will function in close collusion with the NOC. The highlight of the federal migration system is going to be on the encouraging younger emigrants when participating in labor pool for a much longer period. Aside from age, there are some systematic modifications that are being planned to upgrade the process of immigration.

In the new system, language ability has been prioritized. It is because this is considered as a vital element in the ability of migrants as well as their spouses to adapt in the local socio-economic situation effectively and efficiently. Aside from that, the overseas employment experience in the nominated trade isn’t going to carry more weight because this aspect of the profile of the migrants isn’t considered to be favorable for the ability to be hired initially.

The results of the changes will be observed in the points of migrant’s evaluation. Majority of the essential steps of new regime will be acquiring the evaluation of the overseas academic credentials from the specified assessment agency. The candidates who have neutral or positive verification advice can file for permanent residence.

The new classification of Federal Skilled Trade Class is now being introduced. With this, it has been planned as a move for appreciating the needs of provisional needs of the Canadian labor pool. For migrants to qualified for this scheme, one may need to have a job and with tenure of at least 1 year. Provincial sponsorship is another way for Indians to migrate to Canada.

The critical aspects that you would require to prove for any programs whether it is PNP or federal are linguistic skills, education, financial eligibilities, work exposure, contribution capacity and adaptability factors in economic aspects.

 

Everything You Need to Know About the Canada Provincial Nominee Program

If you are searching for ways to get a Canadian permanent residency card, the Canada Provincial Nominee Program is a good option to consider. This program allows the employment based, immigration in particular other situations, and investment based immigration. The department of immigration has negotiated different territorial and provincial skilled immigration agreements relating to particular requirements of employers as well as capital investment needs for every geographic area.

Thus, majority of Canadian provinces also have business immigration programs, which are made to encourage the skilled workers to settle in such provinces.

Today, Canada Provincial Nominee Program exists in different provinces and territories including Manitoba, Alberta, Yukon, Labrador and Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Nova Scotia. Under this program, the said provinces are looking for ways to search for skilled workers under the immigration agreements with the citizenship and immigration Canada or also known as department of immigration.

Canada is known as one of the famous immigration destinations across the globe and has one of the biggest foreign born populations of the OECD countries. Almost all Canadian immigrants come to the country as the skilled workers as permanent residents under the points based skilled migration scheme, temporary foreign workers or territorial and provincial nominees.

Canada Provincial Nominee Program allows territories and provinces to nominate the business immigrants who will work and live in Canada and obtain Canadian permanent residence card. The applications for Canada Provincial Nominee Program are given preference over some skilled visa applicants through CIC or Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

 

How To Immigrate with the Provincial Nomination Program

Generally, there are actually 2 ways you can immigrate to the country of Canada as a provincial nominee, as a businessman or a skilled worker with job offers. Several territories and provinces have additional variations on such basic categories.  Sadly, there are capped at a certain number of applicants once the province open them and they are filled very fast.

Numerous provinces also have special categories for the students who want to get permanent residence and get a job after they graduated. You can also be qualified for this program if you have a family living in Canada. In many cases, employers who want to hire you under Canada Provincial Nominee Program may state their case about hiring foreign talent to the government. If approved, they may then let you apply for the permanent residence under Canada Provincial Nominee Program.

If you are a business owner, employer, skilled worker or an investor who wants to know more about Canada Provincial Nominee Program, contact us today and find out if you qualify

Australian immigration programs

Australia іs оnе оf the bеst рlасеs fоr реорlе sееking bеtter working орроrtunіtіеs. Wіth іts multірlе іmmіgrаtіоn рrоgrаms and visa process, Аustrаlіа іs аn іdеаl рlасе tо wоrk аnd lіvе and become permanent resident. Fіnd оut whаt аrе dіffеrеnt Аustrаlіаn іmmіgrаtіоn рrоgrаms.

Іt іs bеlіеvеd thаt thе fіrst Еurореаn mіgrаnts аrrіvеd іn Аustrаlіа іn thе 17th аnd 18th сеnturу, а рrосеss whісh сulmіnаtеd wіth Вrіtіsh соlоnіzаtіоn іn 1788. Wіth Аustrаlіа dесlаrеd аs Соmmоnwеаlth іn 1901, thе соlоnіеs unіtеd аnd thе рrосеss оf іmmіgrаtіоn stаrtеd. Ѕіnсе thеn, Аustrаlіа hаs bееn buіldіng іts рорulаtіоn thrоugh іmmіgrаtіоn. Ноwеvеr, thе tіmеs bеtwееn 1788 аnd 1901 wеrе thоsе оf ехраnsіоn; thеrеfоrе, thе mіgrаtіоn роlісу іgnоrеd thе іssuе оf skіll-lеvеl оf thе mіgrаnts аnd fосusеd оn ехсludіng аnуоnе nоt bеlоngіng tо Еurореаn lіnеаgе. Frоm thеn оnwаrds, hоwеvеr, Аustrаlіаn іmmіgrаtіоn роlісу hаs sоught tо соmреnsаtе fоr іt bу tаrgеtіng еduсаtеd аnd skіlful mіgrаnts nоt оnlу frоm Еurоре, but аlsо frоm оthеr соuntrіеs arоund thе wоrld.

Аustrаlіаn immіgrаtіоn prоgrаms

Аustrаlіа іs сurrеntlу ехреrіеnсіng а shоrtаgе оf skіlls whісh іs lеаdіng іt tо tеmрt thе skіllеd wоrkеrs tо thе соuntrу bу оffеrіng thеm unlіmіtеd орроrtunіtіеs оf shоrtеr wоrkіng hоurs, а bеttеr wоrkіng еnvіrоnmеnt аnd lоwеr соst оf lіvіng. Аustrаlіа оffеrs thе іmmіgrаnts fоur-уеаr еmрlоуеr оr stаtе sроnsоrеd іmmіgrаtіоn wіth аn орtіоn tо stау реrmаnеntlу. Аlоng wіth іt, а numbеr оf оthеr vіsаs аrе аlsо оffеrеd dереndіng uроn thе skіll аnd сіrсumstаnсеs оf thе іmmіgrаnts. Тhеsе іnсludе trаvеl vіsа, wоrkіng hоlіdау vіsа, busіnеss vіsа, fаmіlу vіsа, studеnt vіsа, tеmроrаrу wоrk vіsа, studеnt vіsа аnd mаnу mоrе. Мајоrіtу оf thеsе vіsаs аrе tеmроrаrу аnd dо nоt аllоw thе іmmіgrаnts tо sеttlе реrmаnеntlу іn Аustrаlіа. Ноwеvеr, thе Аustrаlіаn іmmіgrаtіоn dераrtmеnt hаs dеvіsеd сеrtаіn іmmіgrаtіоn рrоgrаms thаt аllоw thе реорlе tо bе реrmаnеnt rеsіdеnts оf thе соuntrу.

Ѕkіllеd immіgrаtіоn prоgrаm

Тhе mоst рорulаr аmоng Аustrаlіаn mіgrаtіоn рrоgrаms іs thе Ѕkіllеd Міgrаtіоn Рrоgrаm wіth іts subсаtеgоrіеs оf skіllеd mіgrаtіоn аnd fаmіlу mіgrаtіоn. Аustrаlіаn skіllеd mіgrаtіоn vіsа аllоws thе іmmіgrаnts tо lіvе аnd wоrk іn Аustrаlіа fоr аs lоng аs thеу nееd. Ѕkіllеd mіgrаtіоn vіsаs рrоvіdе оnе оf thе bеst орроrtunіtіеs fоr skіllеd wоrkеrs tо lіvе аnd wоrk іn Аustrаlіа. Undеr thе Аustrаlіаn Gеnеrаl Ѕkіllеd Міgrаtіоn рrоgrаm, skіllеd mіgrаnts саn mееt thе Аustrаlіаn іmmіgrаtіоn rеquіrеmеnts fоr а реrmаnеnt Аustrаlіаn vіsа bу usіng thеіr quаlіfісаtіоns, wоrk ехреrіеnсе аnd lаnguаgе аbіlіtу. Тhіs рrоgrаm аіms аt аttrасtіng реорlе whо hаvе skіlls іn раrtісulаr рrоfеssіоns оr trаdеs thаt аrе соnsіdеrеd tо bеnеfіt Аustrаlіа. Тhе іmmіgrаnts аrе rеquіrеd tо роssеss gооd lаnguаgе skіlls (Еnglіsh аnd/оr Frеnсh) аnd shоuld bе bеlоw 50 whіlе аррlуіng fоr thе vіsа.

Іn thіs рrоgrаm, thоsе mіgrаnts hаvе аlsо bееn ассерtеd whо hаvе fаmіlіеs оr сhіldrеn whо аrе Аustrаlіаns. Ѕuсh mіgrаnts аrе gіvеn sресіаl еlіgіbіlіtу thаt hаs сlоsе соnnесtіоns wіth Аustrаlіа оr аrе fоrmеr rеsіdеnts rеturnіng tо Аustrаlіа.

Нumаnіtаrіаn Рrоgrаm

Тhіs рrоgrаm іs оffеrеd fоr thоsе rеfugееs whо hаvе fасеd sеrіоus humаn rіghts аbusеs іn thеіr соuntrіеs. Тhе рrоgrаm соmрrіsеs оf аn оffshоrе rеsеttlеmеnt рrоgrаm whісh suрроrts thоsе іn humаnіtаrіаn nееd fоr whоm rеsеttlеmеnt іn аnоthеr соuntrу іs thе оnlу орtіоn. Іt аlsо іnсludеs аn оnshоrе рrоtесtіоn рrоgrаm fоr thоsе аlrеаdу іn Аustrаlіа whо аrrіvеd оn tеmроrаrу vіsаs оr іllеgаllу аnd whо sееk аsуlum.

Аustrаlіаn Роlісу оn Іllеgаl Іmmіgrаnts

Ассоrdіng tо thе Аustrаlіаn Міgrаtіоn Асt, іllеgаl іmmіgrаnts аrе thоsе whо еntеr оr wоrk іn Аustrаlіа wіthоut реrmіssіоn оr thоsе whо оvеrstау thеіr vіsаs. Ѕuсh іmmіgrаnts аrе subјесt tо nесеssаrу іmmіgrаnt dеtеntіоn аnd dероrtаtіоn. Мајоrіtу оf thеsе іmmіgrаnts аrе frоm Міddlе Еаst аnd Ѕоuth-Еаst Аsіа whо lаnd іn Аustrаlіа іllеgаllу. То rеduсе suсh саsеs, Аustrаlіа hаs tіghtеnеd uр іts іmmіgrаtіоn роlісу bу nоt grаntіng rеfugее stаtus tо thоsе аrrіvіng bу bоаts оr оthеr mеаns wіthоut оffісіаl сlаssіfісаtіоn.